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Answers -- Civil Rights Self-Quiz
-- Part III

1. Which of the following was NOT among the key factors that put civil rights on the national agenda in the early 1960s?

lynchings of blacks in the south demonstrations in southern cities

long, hot summers of rioting in the north sit-ins and freedom rides

2. Three young civil rights workers were killed in June 1964 in...

Montgomery, Alabama Selma, Alabama
Memphis, Tennessee Neshoba County, Mississippi

3. Which of the following statements about civil rights legislation between 1933 and 1968 is true?

Congress usually favored strong civil rights legislation, and the president opposed it. The president usually favored strong civil rights legislation, and Congress opposed it.

Both the president and Congress consistently favored civil rights legislation. Both the president and Congress approved the first civil rights bill in 1957.

4. Among the standards that appear to be emerging in the Supreme Court's rulings on quota systems and preference systems are all of the following EXCEPT...

such systems must correct an actual present or past pattern of discrimination those systems created by state law will be given deference to those created by federal law

there must be compelling justification for such systems those systems involving hiring practices are more defensible than those involving layoffs

5. Which of the following has been permitted by the Supreme Court?

a property tax exemption for widows that is not given to widowers preference given to men in the appointment of administrators of estates

different legal drinking ages for males and females mandatory pregnancy leaves

6. After the defeat of Equal Rights Admendment, it became apparent that there was a split in the ranks of women's organizations as to whether their concerns were primarily...

moral or legal legal or economic
economic or political political or moral

7. The objective of giving groups of women in traditionally low paying jobs more equitable treatment in pay was expressed in the phrase...

"raises, not roses" "equal protection"
"comparable worth" "affirmative action"

8. The position that the Constitution neither is nor should be color-blind is taken by those who advocate...

equality of results the incorporation of the Bill of Rights

freedom-of-education plans equal opportunity

9. In the Bakke case, the Supreme Court held that a university medical school, in admitting students, may...

use quotas for blacks and whites use quotas for men and women

take gender into account take race into account

10. A 1992 Supreme Court decision made it easier for a school in a suburb of Atlanta to resist full integration. The Court's reasoning was that...

busing was no longer a viable option in communities that were either all white or all black schools could not be held responsible for segregation caused solely by segregated living patterns

court-ordered desegregation was found to have deleterious effects on the children involved the school had demonstrated good faith in trying to achieve at least partial integration